Airport Management. Robotic Falconry
The presence of birds in diﬀerent environments with productive or commercial activities can give rise to a ﬁnancial loss for many companies and/or a risk to human health. Therefore, the presence of certain birds in such environments should be avoided during production or service times so that their presences does not produce signiﬁcant economic losses or generate undesirable accidents, aircraft collide with birds in ﬂight, plagues of pigeons aﬀect cities, ﬁsh farms lose large amounts of money owing to bird predation, ports look after the hygiene of their ﬁsh markets and must avoid the presence of gulls, crop ﬁelds must be protected from birds feeding, etc. Getting birds to permanently abandon an area or generating new habits of moving and living is a very diﬃcult task. They don't hear ultrasound and therefore ultrasound has no eﬀect on them. Other options such as poison, nets, etc. are not eﬀective and may cause detriment to local wildlife and the environment. In addition, birds can adapt to almost any external stimulus and are therefore very diﬃcult to scare. These stimuli must evolve along with the tolerance of the birds for them to remain eﬀective. Survival is the most basic instinct of all animals, including birds. And the greatest danger to the survival of the birds is the bird of prey or natural predators. Falconers use live birds of prey to keep the birds away from certain places. However, working with live birds of prey can be problematic (escape, illness, mating periods, need for training, etc.) and in some cases it is simply impossible (birds of prey do not ﬂy at sunset, under high temperatures, etc.) or it can sometimes be diﬃcult to predict unexpected behaviour.
Solution: Robotic Falconry
Robotic falconry consists in using RPAS systems shaped like predatory birds, resulting is a raptor-shapes system that is 100% controlled by an experienced operator.
This robot looks like a natural predator to problematic birds, so their instinct prevents them from being accustomed to it and they flee immediately.
For birds that do not see the robot as a predator, special manoeuvres can be used to for them to consider it as a fellow traveller and thus lead these problematic birds away from the areas to be protected.
Furthermore, a robotic system allows technology that continuously evolves over time to be incorporated, thus improving its efficiency and avoiding the birds from becoming accustomed to its presence.
It can be programmed depending on the different environments to be controlled, with different types of intimidation techniques and a variety of attack manoeuvres along with the possibility for the operator to manually perform a myriad of random actions thus giving the robot unpredictable behaviour that birds find it difficult to accustom to.
Finally, the robot does not need sleep or get tired, it carries on working in breeding or moulting seasons, nor is it distracted by small disturbances in the environment, it is always available for work and is designed to respect the environment.
Birdstrikes have been eliminated since the introduction of our drone in January 2016. Based on these conclusive results, ICAO has endorsed the incorporation of our service for all Cuban airports and our programs gained recognition from IATA during their 2017 annual inspection of Cuban Airports.
Furthermore, we provide avian control service to airports:
- Airport birds and wildlife analysis.
- Compliance with airport´s standard operating procedures.
- Recruitment, evaluation and training of drone operators.
- Bird control service 24/7 or as required.
- Provide airport authorities with regular reports and updates IAW SOPs.
- 100% assured flight readiness of drones always.
- Regular and recurrent training of operators and maintainers.
- Technical upgrades.
- Other service as required.